After controlling for prior academic motivation and demographics, high levels of arts engagement amongst school-aged children in school arts-related subjects positively predicts:
Adaptive motivation, academic buoyancy, academic intentions
School enjoyment, class participation
A sense of meaning and purpose, life satisfaction
Research also shows that:
Classroom drama can improve verbal skills
Dance can improve visual-spatial skills
Arts engagement tends NOT to have a high correlation with improved academic attainment such as formal attainment in standardised tests
Arts participation has a positive but low impact on academic learning, and the mechanisms leading to positive impact via the arts are not known
Some extra-curricular activities can lead to negative behaviours as well, e.g. increased alcohol use with some extra-curricular activities
External arts tuition negatively predicts adaptive motivation, academic intentions, school enjoyment, class participation, homework completion, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.
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